Infertility means not being able to conceive a child, despite trying for two years without use of any contraception. Many people face problems with having a baby and this can be due to a number of factors. In 25-30% of cases a cause cannot be identified even after the most thorough investigations. This is unexplained infertility
Common causes of infertility include problems with ovulation (inability to produce or release eggs naturally), issues with the tubes, or for male partners this would include issues with the quality or quantity of the sperm.
Being overweight / obese or underweight, will affect fertility in both male and female partners.
• Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
There are several STIs that can cause infertility. E.g. chlamydia can cause blockage of fallopian tubes in women.
As well as affecting your general and long-term health, smoking can also adversely affect fertility.
If either you or your partner are stressed it may affect your relationship, contributing to a loss of sex drive, reduced frequency of sexual intercourse, thus reducing fertility. Severe stress may also affect ovulation and limit sperm production.
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